Members must have defined roles and responsibilities
When teams have clear functions and responsibilities, they know what is expected of them and work more efficiently. Knowing their roles will also help them feel encouraged and motivated toward completing their various tasks.
- How To Define Your Team’s Roles and Responsibilities
- The Biggest Mistake You (Probably) Make with Teams
Break down authority gradients
The term “authority gradient” was first defined in aviation when it was noted that pilots and copilots may not communicate effectively in stressful situations if there is a significant difference in their experience, perceived expertise, or authority. A number of unintentional aviation, aerospace, and industrial incidents have been attributed, in part, to authority gradients.
The concept of authority gradient was introduced to medicine in the Institute of Medicine report To Err Is Human, yet little has been written or acknowledged in the medical literature regarding its role in medical error. The practice of medicine and medical training programs are highly organized, hierarchical structures that depend on supervision by authority figures. The concept that authority gradients might contribute to medical error is largely unrecognized.
- Profiles in patient safety: authority gradients in medical error
- Challenging authority and speaking up in the operating room environment: a narrative synthesis
- Profiles in Patient Safety: Authority Gradients in Medical Error
Establish active, intentional inclusion and fairness practices
A high functioning team must be as diverse as is possible and actively foster inclusive practices.
Inclusion is the achievement of a work environment in which all individuals are treated fairly and respectfully, have equal access to opportunities and resources, and can contribute fully to the organization’s success.
Fairness in the workplace drives participation, wellness, retention, safety and outcomes.
- DEI Resources from Emory University
- Diversity and Inclusion Toolkit Resources
- How Workplace Fairness Affects Employee Commitment
Create pipelines to foster diversity
Pipelining describes specific longitudinal efforts aimed at at producing diverse workforces. In healthcare, such efforts may be aimed at high school or college students, medical students and even residents to interest them in joining our field.